Accessible / AccessibilityPersons with disabilities accessing, on an equal basis with others, the physical environment, transportation, information and communication, including information and communications technologies and systems, and other facilities and services open or provided to the public, both in urban and in rural areas (UN, 2006).
Accessible DesignAccessible Design refers to the intentional designing of tools, services, and spaces to be accessible to everyone, with consideration given to the specific needs of those with cognitive, emotional, or physical disabilities. Examples of accessible design include a website that is compatible with text-to-speech programs or a building that is designed to be fully accessible to a person in a wheelchair
Accessible ePubsAccessible ePubs are ePubs that are structured correctly and include features for persons with and without a disability.Some features of accessible ePubs include: Image Descriptions, Semantic tagging in HTML, Support for high contrast and text resizing, support for TTS readers, correct metadata referring to the accessible features etc.
Accessibility Features Accessibility features are a range of functions within products that allow a user to adjust settings to meet their individual needs. Devices can come with various accessibility features that can adjust to meet visual, mobility, hearing, language, and learning needs. Accessibility features allow those with disabilities to access products and services that may not otherwise be available and may operate as assistive technology in themselves.Accessibility features can often be found within devices, operating system and productivity softwrae
Accessible FormatsInformation available to people with different types of disabilities including displays of text, Braille, tactile communication, large print, accessible multimedia, written, audio, plain language, human-reader, and augmentative and alternative modes, means and formats of communication, including accessible information and communication technology (UN, 2006).
Accessible Interactive ActivitiesAccessible activities generally written in JavaScript or a similar language that allow the user to interact with questions and answers. This content may be embedded within an ePub and separately on the web.Some examples include:
Accessible TextbooksAn accessible digital textbook is a digital tool that allows for all learners, including those with disabilities, to access information in alternative accessible formats, allowing children with different learning styles to access the same content, participate in the same textbook-based activities inside and outside the classroom, and have equal opportunities to achieve positive educational outcomes than their peers. Accessible digital textbooks are an adapted version of the curriculum-based textbooks used in classrooms. They differ by being digital, accessible, and versatile, allowing users to customize and combine diverse features like narration, sign language, interactivity, audio-description of images, and other functions to suit different preferences, learning styles, or access needs.It requires installation on an electronic devise (tablet, computer, smartphone) or, in some case, the textbook can be downloaded from a source and installed using an internet connection. Once installed, the learner can use the textbook offline on the devise.
Accomodations An accommodation is a change in the format or presentation of materials, tasks and activities so that a person with a disability can complete the same task as others. Accommodations can also include changes in setting, timing, scheduling, and/or response mechanisms.Assistive technologies may provde the basis of accomodations for many people with a disability
Alerts and NotificationsAuditory, visual or tactile based devices that are designed to alert those with sensory impairments to circumstances and situations such as doorbells, pagers, telephones smoke alarms, security alarms, and wake up alarms.Many such alerts and notifications are now built into phones and other smart devices
Alternative access or input deviceAn alternative access or input device allows an individual to control their technology using tools other than a standard keyboard or pointing device. Examples include alternative keyboards, pointing devices, switches, sip-and-puff systems, wands and sticks, joysticks, and trackballs.Most alternative access devices work best when they are tuned to the response of the user through the accessibility features on the device they are connected to
Alternative KeyboardAlternative keyboards may be different from standard keyboards in size, shape, layout, or function. They offer greater efficiency, control, and comfort.Keyboards can include ergonomic keyboard to reduce strain and can be combined with work prediction software to speed up typing
Assistive Listening DevicesAssistive listening devices (ALDs) are used to aid those with hearing loss to hear more clearly. System can to amplify things such as televisions, radios, doorbells, and PA systems. ALDs can be used with or without hearing aids.New forms of ALD can also recognise sounds and create an alert of notificantion in text for users
Aspect RatioThe aspect ratio describes the relationship between the width and height of a screen or content irrespective of exact pixel dimension. i.e. 4:3, 16:9, 16:104:3 aspect ratio can be a number of resolutions: 1024 x 768, 2048 x1536 both have the same aspect ratio although the second is twice as large.
Assistive Technology & DevicesAssistive technology describes additional software or hardware that can enhance operation of a digital device to serve the needs of users with or without a disability.Some examples include: Refreshable Braille Display, Orbit Reader, JAWS, and Switch Control.

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